The College Board, who administers many of the test used in college admission standardized tests, is using 15 criteria such as single parenthood, income, crime rates, availability of AP courses etc to provide a context for the scores; it is like a golf handicap.
All forms of human inequality and cruelty are emergent properties of the systems we create. Parents view children as wealth. Social groups view themselves in competition. Nations fight to preserve industry, borders, and populations. And people work to acquire privileged positions with regard to information, wealth, and influence.