Cool pic of a Polar Body that shows one aspect of ‘stemness’

Ed Park, MD dr ed park Leave a Comment

Today, we revisit Biology 101 for a remarkable picture of the formation of a haploid (half of chromosomes) egg and its very tiny little sister, the polar body:

Screen Shot 2015-06-09 at 9.06.31 PMPhoto by: MRC LABORATORY OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY,ZUZANA HOLUBCOVA AND MELINA SCHUH

There are several notable things here and the first is that ‘stemness’ is usually defined in two ways: asymmetric division and immortality. The immortality is conferred by telomerase activity which actively lengthens the telomeres that must shorten with each cell division.

But the asymmetric division is beautifully illustrated in the image of the creation of the polar body.  The tiny polar body gets a very small allotment of cytoplasm and probably is short-shrifted in every other way possible.  See this blog posting about the recent discovery of asymmetric allotment of organelle quality (mitochondria) in stem cell division.

Another great thing about this photo is that it shows the pink chromosomes and how they are separated by the grey kinetochore. It is this ripping apart by the centers and ends (centromeres and telomeres) that must occur to divide the chromosomes evenly between two daughters.

After telomeres shorten, you get fused ends from the repair mechanisms of the nucleus which results in double chromosomes like these trapeze artists glued at the hands. 

3.2 TRAPEZE CHROMOSOMES_CMYK copy

When the chromosomes are ripped apart by the grey kinetochore, there can no longer be an even and correct distribution of genetic material. After this process has begun, the only happy ending of cells in crisis can be self-destruction or apoptosis as I blog about here.

 

—–postscript

Stuart Hameroff, a leading thinker on quantum consciousness, believes that the fundamental unit of consciousness is the tubulin molecule that forms the kinetochore and so many other structures that determine cellular form and function.  He states somewhat convincingly that there is no simple chemical reaction that can explain how these tubulin molecules “know” how and when to assemble and disassemble and what their mission is, so they must be acting in some universal, cosmic, inscrutable fashion to make up our biological destinies.  Watch this video for more information on Hameroff’s theory of quantum biology.

Ed Park, MD
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Ed Park, MD

I graduated from Harvard with honors in Biological Anthropology prior to earning my Medical Degree and Masters in Public Health from Columbia University.

In 2007, I became the nineteenth patient to sign up for the use of a herbally-extracted telomerase activator.

The results were so positive that I founded Recharge Biomedical Clinic in 2008 and have since become the leading medical expert in this exciting new field of regenerative medicine treating over 1,300 patients with this exciting new telomerase activation medicine.

I won two Houston Film Festival Awards for my screenplays about Hypatia of Alexandria and Ed Brown of Kentucky.

In 2010 I wrote and self-published a Sci-Fi Graphic Novel called MAXIMUM LIFESPAN

In 2013, I wrote and published "Telomere Timebombs; Defusing the Terror of Aging"

My websites are:
http://www.lokahi.guru (where you can learn about my RECHARGE adaptogenic supplement)
http://www.rechargebiomedical.com and
http://www.telomeretimebombs.com

You can sign up for my weekly blogs on this page and subscribe to my YouTube videos at https://www.youtube.com/drpark65
Ed Park, MD
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